Coffee in Indonesia: The journey from coffee bean to cappuccino

Okky MargarethaCultuurLeave a Comment

women drinking coffe - Intern Indonesia

Coffee is the most widely consumed beverage around the world. On every occasion coffee is more than just a drink. Coffee is comforting but also connects people and shares history. In the Netherlands, an average person drinks 4 cups of coffee in a day. However, that makes the Dutch become one of the biggest coffee drinkers in the world as shown by one study in 2017. People know so many varieties of coffee either the bean and type of beverages. But do you know where coffee comes from? In this blog you can find more about the history of coffee in Indonesia and “life” before it is served on a cup of cappuccino. Keep reading to see the journey from coffee bean to cappuccino.

History of Coffee

Coffee began cultivation in Indonesia in the latest 1600s and early 1700s. In 1699 the Dutch governor Henrik Zwaardecroon was sent from Yemen to Indonesia. The coffee plants grew and then in 1711 exported to Europe by VOC. The conditions of Indonesia geographically and climatologically are well-suited for coffee plantations. This situation made Indonesia the fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world in 2014.


Coffee Plantations in Indonesia

There are several places in Indonesia where coffee comes from, starting from Sumatra, Java, Bali, Sumbawa, Flores and Papua. Sumatran coffee is well known for its smooth sweet body that is balanced and intense. The coffee tastes depend on the region, the flavours of the land and the way how it is processed. One of the famous trade names is Mandheling, used for arabica coffee from northern Sumatra.

Coffe Plantations-Intern Indonesia

Coffee Production Process

In Indonesia 80% of the type of coffee is arabica and the rest is robusta. All arabica coffee in Indonesia is picked by hand, while robusta is harvested by stripping off all the fruit on the branch, resulting in a mix of ripe and green cherries. After harvest, the next process is drying. Most of the robusta coffee and also a small number of coffee farmers for arabica dried the bean using the sun, it takes 2-3 weeks depending on the sun and the weather.


The rest of the arabica coffee farmers use “wet hulling”. In this technique, farmers remove the skin of the cherries and then save it for a day then dry it using the sun. The dry coffee bean is ready to sell and export. As soon as the coffee bean has arrived at the manufacturer, the coffee bean is roasted and becomes black. This is the coffee bean that we all notice and can find in the store. The next process is to grind the coffee beans and consume them as we wanted.



So, do you know more about the journey from coffee bean to cappuccino? Can you imagine how many people are involved so you can drink a cup of cappucino? Yes, there are a lot of people. I hope this blog is useful for you and gives you some new knowledge about coffee in Indonesia. However, if you want to know more about coffee, see the process in real life and learn more about it, we can help you. We have internship possibilities in Bali, Yogyakarta, and Sumatra. In Sumatra, we have an internship possibility close to the area at which the famous Mandheling coffee is grown. For more information, you can contact us via e-mail

In Sumatra, the area where the famous coffee Mandheling is grown we have an intern place. For more information, you can contact us via e-mail or check the website. Have a great day and, see you in Indonesia.



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